GOP Attorneys General Warn Insurance Companies about ESG Policies and Potential Antitrust Violations


In a recent development, over two dozen Republican attorneys general have raised concerns about insurance companies promoting environmental, social, and governance (ESG) priorities. They argue that pushing customers to reduce emissions rapidly and advancing an activist climate agenda may violate antitrust laws. This article examines the implications of the attorneys general's warning and its potential impact on the insurance industry.

GOP Attorneys General Warn Insurance Companies

Background on the Warning:

Republican attorneys general, including Sean Reyes of Utah and Jeff Landry of Louisiana, along with 23 others, addressed a letter to more than a dozen insurance companies. The letter highlighted their agreements with the Net-Zero Insurance Alliance (NZIA) and Net-Zero Asset Owner Alliance (NZAOA), emphasizing potential violations of state and federal antitrust laws.

Antitrust Laws and Illegal Boycott:

Under antitrust laws, agreements not to do business with disfavored sectors or collective agreements to fix prices or restrict production are considered illegal. The attorneys general argue that the NZIA's collective actions, driven by significant market power, could lead to higher prices for consumers.

The Purpose and Climate Targets of NZIA and NZAOA:

NZIA and NZAOA are UN-convened groups dedicated to implementing the climate change goals of the Paris Agreement within the financial system, including the insurance industry. Their protocols include pressuring clients to reduce emissions, progressively decarbonizing business practices, and insuring climate solutions. The AGs express concerns about the compatibility of these requirements with federal and state laws governing private actors.

Potential Violations and Legal Implications:

The attorneys general assert that these requirements may violate federal and state antitrust laws. They highlight that refusal to provide insurance based solely on carbon emissions or compliance with the Paris Agreement could potentially contravene state laws that limit reasons for refusing coverage. The letter calls for recipients to disclose their communication with the alliance groups and provide details on compliance with climate targets.


The warning from Republican attorneys general about insurance companies' involvement in ESG priorities underscores concerns regarding potential antitrust violations. The clash between promoting environmental goals and legal boundaries raises important questions about the insurance industry's role in advancing climate agendas. It remains to be seen how insurance companies will respond and whether regulatory action or legal challenges will follow.

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